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12 categories and applications of commonly used machine tools

Seven categories and applications of commonly used machine tools

01 boring machine

The boring machine is suitable for plane milling and hole system processing of single-piece or small-batch parts in machining workshops. The end of the headstock is designed with a flat rotary disc radial tool holder, which can accurately boring larger holes and planes.In addition, drilling, reaming and threading can be carried out.

02 grinder

Machine tools that use abrasive materials (grinding wheels, abrasive belts, oilstones or research materials, etc.) as tools and cut the surface of the workpiece are collectively referred to as grinding machines. Grinding machines can add various surfaces, such as internal and external cylindrical and conical surfaces, planes, gear gallery surfaces, spiral surfaces and various forming surfaces, etc., Can also sharpen tools and cut off, etc., The process range is very wide.Since grinding is easy to obtain high machining accuracy and good surface quality, grinding machines are mainly used for finishing parts, especially hardened steel parts and high-hardness special materials.

03 lathe

Lathes are mainly used to process various rotary surfaces and end faces of rotary bodies.Such as turning cylindrical surfaces, conical surfaces, ring grooves and forming rotary surfaces in the inner and outer garden, turning end faces and various commonly used threads, and equipped with process equipment, various special-shaped surfaces can also be processed.It can also do drilling, reaming, reaming, knurling and other work on the lathe.

04 planer

The planer is mainly used to process various planes (such as horizontal planes, vertical planes and bevels, as well as various grooves, such as T-shaped grooves, dovetail grooves, V-shaped grooves, etc.) and linear forming surfaces.If equipped with a profiling device, spatial curved surfaces, such as steam turbine impellers, spiral grooves, etc., can also be processed.The tool structure of this type of machine tool is simple and does not cut on the return trip, so the productivity is low and it is generally used for small batch production of a single piece.

05 Milling machine

A widely used machine tool, which can process planes (horizontal planes, vertical planes), grooves (keyways, T-grooves, dovetail grooves, etc.), toothed parts (gears, spline shafts, sprockets, etc.), screw-shaped surfaces (spiral patterns, spiral grooves) and various curved surfaces on a milling machine. In addition, dry-to-rotary body surfaces can also be used, and the inner holes can be cut off.When the milling machine is working, the workpiece is mounted on the workbench or on accessories such as the indexing head. The rotation of the milling cutter is the main movement, supplemented by the feed movement of the workbench or milling head, the workpiece can obtain the required machining surface. Because it is multi-tool intermittent cutting, the productivity of the milling machine is higher.

 

06 drilling machine

A versatile machine tool with a wide range of uses, which can process parts such as drilling, reaming, reaming, countersinking and tapping threads.When the rocker drilling machine is equipped with process equipment, boring can also be carried out; the bench drill is equipped with a multi-function workbench (MDT-180 type), and the keyway can also be milled.

07 Gear processing machine tool

Gears are the most commonly used transmission parts. There are cylindrical gears with straight teeth, helical teeth and herringbone teeth, bevel gears with straight teeth and arc teeth, worm gears and non-circular gears.A machine tool that processes the surface of a gear’s teeth is called a gear processing machine.

 

08 Thread processing machine tool

 

09 Forging machine tool

 

10 Electric spark machine tool

11 combination machine tools

 

12 Composite machine tool

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